William Godwin was an English journalist, political philosopher, and novelist. He is considered to be the first exponent of utilitarianism and one of the first modern proponents of anarchism.
Godwin is best known for two books he published within a year: political justice concerning an investigation, an attack on political institutions, and things as they are; Or, The Adventures of Koleb Williams, an early mystery novel that attacks aristocratic privilege.
Based on the success of both, Godwin featured prominently in London’s radical circles in the 1790s. Throughout his lifetime, he wrote skillfully in novels, histories, and genres of demographics.
In a conservative reaction to British fundamentalism, Godwin was attacked, due to his marriage to leading feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft in 1797 and his apparent biography after his death after childbirth.
His daughter, later known as Mary Shelley, would go on to write Frankenstein and marry poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Along with his second wife Mary Jane Claremont, Godwin founded The Juvenile Library, allowing families to write their own works for children (sometimes using només de plum) and many other books, some of which are of lasting importance.
They are also, translated and published. Godwin has had a great influence on British literature and literary culture. Godwin’s idealistic liberalism was based on the principle of absolute sovereignty and the ability of logic to determine the right choice.
An optimist about the future perfection of man, he associated cultural determinism with the theory of extreme individualism.
The aim of his major work, An Inquiry Concerning Political Justice, and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness (1793) were rooted in the power of manipulation and the rejection of traditional government by corrupting tyranny.
He proposed small self-improvement communities instead. He argued that social institutions fail because they impose generalized idea categories and prior ideas of man, which makes things impossible to see.
By the second decade of the nineteenth century, however, Godwin had become much more financially, though always insistent on advancing the life of an intellectual within the magnificent constellation of London, no longer a major star himself, instead he The total financial collapse was spending most of its energies on ripping.
In early 1812, however, a prolific poet and intellectual was much admired for introducing himself, and thus began a new career for Godwin, then nineteen, as intellectual patron to Percy Bieshe Shelley.
In return, Shelley borrowed large sums of money, despite his financial problems, to relieve Godwin of the accumulated pressure of his debts.
He became a frequent visitor to Godwin’s house, and, in the midst of his marriage contracting as a teenager, developed a warm attachment to Mary. Both of them migrated to the continent in late July of 1814, with Claire being close to Claremont.
Although an intellectual free spirit, Godwin reacted horrifically to the spectacle of his sixteen-year-old daughter with a married man. When he returned to London in September, he tried to put the best face on the arrangement.
Since Percy Bysshe Shelley was the safest source of their income, they need, as well as parental affection affected the cohesion.
The marriage of Mary and Percy Bieshe Shelley following the death of his first wife Harriet in November 1816 removed that barrier to intimacy, but Godwin’s relationship with his daughter or son-in-law was never completely smooth.