Lamb was born in London, the son of Elizabeth Field and John Lamb. Lamb was the youngest child, whose sister was 11 years old, named Mary and also an older brother named John; There were four other people who were not alive in infancy.
His father John Lamb was a lawyer’s clerk and spent most of his professional life as an assistant to a barrister named Samuel Salt, who lived in the Inner Temple in the legal district of London.
It was at Crown Office Row that Charles Lamb was born and spent his youth. Lamb made a portrait of his father under the name Laval in his “Alia on the Old Benchers”.
Lamb’s older brother was too senior to be a young partner of the boy, but his sister Mary, born eleven years before him, was probably his closest friend. Lamb was also looked after by his paternal aunt Hettie, who seems to have had a special hobby for him.
Several articles by both Charles and Mary suggest that a quarrel between Aunt Hetty and her sister-in-law caused some tension in the Lamb’s house. However, Charles talks fondly about her and feels that her presence in the house has brought her great relief.
Lamb’s greatest achievements were his notable letters and essays he wrote for London Magazine under the pseudonym Elia, which was founded in 1820.
His style is highly personal and opinionated, its function is to “create” and portray Alia’s personality, and the writing, though sometimes simple, is never plain.
The essays connect with humor and sometimes with pathos, old acquaintances; They also recall scenes from childhood and later life, and they evoke the author’s sense of playfulness and imagination.
Beneath his eccentric surface, Lamb’s essays are as much an expression of the Romeric movement as the poetry of Coleridge and William Wordsworth. However, Elia’s love for urban and suburban themes points towards Charles Dickens’s work.
“Essays on the Artificial Comedy of the Last Century” (1822) both helped revive interest in restorative comedy and projected assumptions of the aesthetic movement of the late 19th century.
Lamb’s first Alia essay was published separately in 1823; A second series appeared in 1833 as The Last Essays of Alia.
After Samuel Salt’s death in 1792, Lamb was in disarray, with both mother and father ill. The older brother, John, was living independently and was not generous to his family.
Charles (after an unpaid apprenticeship) and his older sister, Mary, a dressmaker who had already shown signs of mental instability, fell off the burden of providing for the family and Mary also worked on nursing.
Two of Lamb’s earliest sonnets address her: Mary, who was ten years older than Charles, gave birth to him as a child, and their relationship was always close.
Charles continued to write – a song on a Scottish subject, poems to friends and to William Cowper on the recovery of that poet from a fit of madness.
“Sight of Repentance” (“I saw a famous fountain in my dream”) actually treats a romantic theme – the hope of God’s forgiveness for the sin of a repentant psyche. It has a Keatsian charm but little lasting difference.